集成渗透工具(渗透 工具)

今日出生 2022年05月30日
本文导读目录:

SQL注入哪些工具最有效

SQL Power Injector是一款在.Net 1.1中创建的应用程序,可帮助渗透测试人员在网页上查找和利用SQL注入。

特征

支持Windows,Unix和Linux操作系统

SQL Server,Oracle,MySQL,Sybase / Adaptive Server和DB2兼容

SSL支持

自动从网页上的表单或IFrame加载参数(GET或POST)

检测并浏览框架集

自动检测网站语言的选项

检测并添加加载页面进程期间使用的Cookie(Set-Cookie检测)

自动查找提交页面,其方法(GET或POST)以不同的颜色显示

可以直接在Datagrids中创建/修改/删除加载的字符串和Cookie参数

单个SQL注入

盲目的SQL注入

比较页面的真实和错误响应或cookie中的结果

时间延迟

SQL注入在自定义浏览器中的响应

可以使用HTML上下文颜色查看返回页面的HTML代码源并在其中搜索

微调参数和cookie注入

可以参数化预期结果的长度和计数以优化应用程序执行SQL注入所用的时间

创建/编辑预设的ASCII字符,以优化盲注SQL请求数/请求速度

多线程(最多可配置50个)

选项可以通过空的评论/ ** /针对IDS或过滤器检测来替换空间

在发送之前自动编码特殊字符

自动检测响应页面中的预定义SQL错误

在响应页面中自动检测预定义的单词或句子

实时结果

将会话保存并加载到XML文件中

自动查找正面答案和负面答案页面之间差异的功能

可以创建一个范围列表,它将替换隐藏的SQL注入字符串中的变量(gt;)并自动为您播放它们

使用文本文件中的预定义列表自动重播变量范围

Firefox插件,它将启动SQL Power Injector以及当前网页的所有信息及其会话上下文(参数和cookie)

两个集成工具:Hex和Char编码器和MS SQL @options解释器

可以编辑Referer

可以选择一个用户代理(或者甚至在用户代理XML文件中创建一个)

可以使用设置窗口配置应用程序

支持可配置的代理

软件截图

地址:http://www.sqlpowerinjector.com/index.htm

ilo--,Reversing.org - sqlbftools

地址:https://packetstormsecurity.com/files/download/43795/sqlbftools-1.2.tar.gz

Bernardo Damele AG:sqlmap,自动SQL注入工具

介绍

sqlmap是一款开源渗透测试工具,可自动检测和利用SQL注入漏洞并接管数据库服务器。它具有强大的检测引擎,针对终极渗透测试人员的众多特性,以及从数据库指纹识别,从数据库获取数据,到访问底层文件系统以及在操作系统上执行命令的各种开关,带外连接。

特征

完全支持MySQL,Oracle,PostgreSQL,Microsoft SQL Server,Microsoft Access,IBM DB2,SQLite,Firebird,Sybase,SAP MaxDB,HSQLDB和Informix数据库管理系统。

完全支持六种SQL注入技术:基于布尔的盲,基于时间的盲,基于错误,基于UNION查询,堆栈查询和带外。

支持直接连接数据库而不通过SQL注入,通过提供DBMS凭证,IP地址,端口和数据库名称。

支持枚举用户,密码哈希,特权,角色,数据库,表和列。

自动识别密码哈希格式并支持使用基于字典的攻击对其进行破解。

支持完全转储数据库表,根据用户的选择提供一系列条目或特定列。用户也可以选择仅转储每列条目中的一系列字符。

支持搜索特定的数据库名称,跨所有数据库的特定表或所有数据库表的特定列。例如,这对于识别包含自定义应用程序凭证的表格非常有用,其中相关列的名称包含名称和传递等字符串。

当数据库软件是MySQL,PostgreSQL或Microsoft SQL Server时,支持从数据库服务器底层文件系统下载和上载任何文件。

当数据库软件是MySQL,PostgreSQL或Microsoft SQL Server时,支持执行任意命令并在数据库服务器底层操作系统上检索它们的标准输出。

支持在攻击者机器和数据库服务器底层操作系统之间建立带外状态TCP连接。该通道可以是交互式命令提示符,Meterpreter会话或图形用户界面(VNC)会话,可以根据用户的选择进行选择。

通过Metasploit的Meterpreter 命令支持数据库进程'用户权限升级

地址:http://sqlmap.org/

icesurfer:SQL Server接管工具 - sqlninja

介绍

喜欢从Microsoft SQL Server上的SQL注入到数据库上的完整GUI访问?采用一些新的SQL注入技巧,在注册表中添加几个远程镜头以禁用数据执行保护,混合一个自动生成调试脚本的小Perl,将所有这些放在一个带有Metasploit包装器的振动器中,只有sqlninja的攻击模块之一!

Sqlninja是一款旨在利用以Microsoft SQL Server作为后端的Web应用程序中的SQL注入漏洞的工具。

其主要目标是在易受攻击的数据库服务器上提供远程访问,即使在非常恶劣的环境中也是如此。渗透测试人员应该使用它来帮助和自动化发现SQL注入漏洞时接管数据库服务器的过程。

特征

完整的文档可以在tarball中找到,也可以在这里找到,但是这里列出了忍者的功能:

远程SQL Server的指纹(版本,执行查询的用户,用户权限,xp_cmdshell可用性,数据库身份验证模式)

数据提取,基于时间或通过DNS隧道

与Metasploit3集成,通过VNC服务器注入获得对远程数据库服务器的图形化访问,或者仅上传Meterpreter

通过vbscript或debug.exe仅上传可执行的HTTP请求(不需要FTP / TFTP)

直接和反向绑定,TCP和UDP

当没有可用于直接/反向外壳的TCP / UDP端口时,DNS隧道伪外壳,但数据库服务器可以解析外部主机名

ICMP隧道外壳,当没有TCP / UDP端口可用于直接/反向外壳,但数据库可以Ping您的盒子

蛮力的'sa'密码(2种口味:基于字典和增量)

如果找到'sa'密码,权限将升级到系统管理员组

创建自定义的xp_cmdshell,如果原始的已被删除

TCP / UDP端口可以从目标SQL Server扫描到攻击机器,以便找到目标网络防火墙允许的端口并将其用于反向shell

回避技术混淆了一些IDS / IPS / WAF

与churrasco.exe集成,通过令牌绑架将权限升级到w2k3上的SYSTEM

支持CVE-2010-0232,将sqlservr.exe的权限升级到SYSTEM

地址:https://sourceforge.net/projects/sqlninja/files/sqlninja/sqlninja-0.2.999-alpha1.tgz/download

Python渗透测试工具都有哪些

网络

Scapy, Scapy3k: 发送,嗅探,分析和伪造网络数据包。可用作交互式包处理程序或单独作为一个库

pypcap, Pcapy, pylibpcap: 几个不同 libpcap 捆绑的python库

libdnet: 低级网络路由,包括端口查看和以太网帧的转发

dpkt: 快速,轻量数据包创建和分析,面向基本的 TCP/IP 协议

Impacket: 伪造和解码网络数据包,支持高级协议如 NMB 和 SMB

pynids: libnids 封装提供网络嗅探,IP 包碎片重组,TCP 流重组和端口扫描侦查

Dirtbags py-pcap: 无需 libpcap 库支持读取 pcap 文件

flowgrep: 通过正则表达式查找数据包中的 Payloads

Knock Subdomain Scan: 通过字典枚举目标子域名

SubBrute: 快速的子域名枚举工具

Mallory: 可扩展的 TCP/UDP 中间人代理工具,可以实时修改非标准协议

Pytbull: 灵活的 IDS/IPS 测试框架(附带超过300个测试样例)

调试和逆向工程

Paimei: 逆向工程框架,包含PyDBG, PIDA , pGRAPH

Immunity Debugger: 脚本 GUI 和命令行调试器

mona.py: Immunity Debugger 中的扩展,用于代替 pvefindaddr

IDAPython: IDA pro 中的插件,集成 Python 编程语言,允许脚本在 IDA Pro 中执行

PyEMU: 全脚本实现的英特尔32位仿真器,用于恶意软件分析

pefile: 读取并处理 PE 文件

pydasm: Python 封装的libdasm

PyDbgEng: Python 封装的微软 Windows 调试引擎

uhooker: 截获 DLL 或内存中任意地址可执行文件的 API 调用

diStorm: AMD64 下的反汇编库

python-ptrace: Python 写的使用 ptrace 的调试器

vdb/vtrace: vtrace 是用 Python 实现的跨平台调试 API, vdb 是使用它的调试器

Androguard: 安卓应用程序的逆向分析工具

Capstone: 一个轻量级的多平台多架构支持的反汇编框架。支持包括ARM,ARM64,MIPS和x86/x64平台

PyBFD: GNU 二进制文件描述(BFD)库的 Python 接口

Fuzzing

Sulley: 一个模糊器开发和模糊测试的框架,由多个可扩展的构件组成的

Peach Fuzzing Platform: 可扩展的模糊测试框架(v2版本 是用 Python 语言编写的)

antiparser: 模糊测试和故障注入的 API

TAOF: (The Art of Fuzzing, 模糊的艺术)包含 ProxyFuzz, 一个中间人网络模糊测试工具

untidy: 针对 XML 模糊测试工具

Powerfuzzer: 高度自动化和可完全定制的 Web 模糊测试工具

SMUDGE: 纯 Python 实现的网络协议模糊测试

Mistress: 基于预设模式,侦测实时文件格式和侦测畸形数据中的协议

Fuzzbox: 媒体多编码器的模糊测试

Forensic Fuzzing Tools: 通过生成模糊测试用的文件,文件系统和包含模糊测试文件的文件系统,来测试取证工具的鲁棒性

Windows IPC Fuzzing Tools: 使用 Windows 进程间通信机制进行模糊测试的工具

WSBang: 基于 Web 服务自动化测试 SOAP 安全性

Construct: 用于解析和构建数据格式(二进制或文本)的库

fuzzer.py(feliam): 由 Felipe Andres Manzano 编写的简单模糊测试工具

Fusil: 用于编写模糊测试程序的 Python 库

Web

Requests: 优雅,简单,人性化的 HTTP 库

HTTPie: 人性化的类似 cURL 命令行的 HTTP 客户端

ProxMon: 处理代理日志和报告发现的问题

WSMap: 寻找 Web 服务器和发现文件

Twill: 从命令行界面浏览网页。支持自动化网络测试

Ghost.py: Python 写的 WebKit Web 客户端

Windmill: Web 测试工具帮助你轻松实现自动化调试 Web 应用

FunkLoad: Web 功能和负载测试

spynner: Python 写的 Web浏览模块支持 Javascript/AJAX

python-spidermonkey: 是 Mozilla JS 引擎在 Python 上的移植,允许调用 Javascript 脚本和函数

mitmproxy: 支持 SSL 的 HTTP 代理。可以在控制台接口实时检查和编辑网络流量

pathod/pathoc: 变态的 HTTP/S 守护进程,用于测试和折磨 HTTP 客户端

kali linux下怎么装Metasploit

Kali Linux系统是一个渗透测试平台,所以许多渗透测试工具都被集成在了里面,而且Kali使用了Debian系统的软件包管理方式,也就是说Kali可以用apt-get命令安装软件,Metasploit这个软件当然也可以用软件源方式来安装,所以在Kali上安装Metasploit的命令是这样的:

apt-get install metasploit

作为小白如何学习Kali linux渗透测试技术

首先你要明白你学KALI的目的是什么,其次你要了解什么是kali,其实你并不是想要学会kali你只是想当一个hacker

kali是什么:

只是一个集成了多种渗透工具的linux操作系统而已,抛开这些工具,他跟常规的linux没有太大区别。

你可能想学的是渗透技巧,相当一个黑客是吧?我建议你先从基础开始学起,比如漏洞是如何形成的,然后如何被利用,例:SQL注入漏洞。

如何成为一个黑客?:

- 具有极高的兴趣以及能够持之以恒的心

- 多结交良师益友很重要

-学习编程语言(python,php,html,JavaScript,java,c等,只有你会编程才能知道为什么会形成漏洞,才知道怎么利用漏洞)

-学习服务器运维(winservice和linux操作系统,域管理,权限管理等等等等不一一阐述)学习系统了解系统,因为你要了解一个站长是如何管理服务器的,服务器有哪些可以被你利用的地方,到时候用nmap扫描出来的结果你才能分析,才明白是什么意思

-英文好很重要,国外文献才能看得懂,英文好不好直接影响你能不能成为顶级黑阔

-多多实战演练,从基础的注入漏洞,XSS,弱口令,抓包等开始你的渗透生涯,等你拿到webshell的时候,你会有成就感 并且想学习的欲望越发强烈,等你拿到cmdshell的时候,你已经具备成为一个脚本小子的资格了,再往下走就要看你自己的天赋了,毕竟我的水平也仅限于此。

记住哦,一个hacker是要摆脱工具的,只会用工具永远只是脚本小子。你要自己了解原理,然后自己写工具出来。kali只是一个系统级渗透工具箱,只要你学会了渗透,有没有kali一样牛逼

此段摘自知乎Toom

除了wireshark,还有哪些抓包工具呢

中文的有科来网络分析系统。英文的有Sniffer、IP Tool等。

最有名的还是Sniffer和WireShark。WireShark的前身是Ethereal,也很有名。

集成了渗透测试工具的linux版本,非bt系列,我记不得名字,隐约记得名字很长。谢谢各位大侠指点

不要用bt3了,连bt4r2在网上都很难找得到,现在backtrack官网连不再对bt5之前的版本进行维护了,要用就用bt5r2,里面集成了更多的渗透测试工具。。。

想学渗透,有没有明确的过程计划提供

b/s:

1、学习基本的网络编程语言,比如html

2、学习脚本编程语言,比如python,js

2、学习网络协议,主要是应用层协议http等

3、学习了以上三点之后,继续学习掌握基本的web攻击手段和防护原理,可参考刺总的《白帽子讲web安全》

4、了解渗透流程,比如踩点、嗅探等

5、熟悉主流web渗透工具,建议可以安装kali操作系统,里面都有集成

c/s:(在b/s的基础上,学习逆向。)

1、学习汇编语言

2、熟悉主流逆向工具,比如 IDA、OllyDebug

个人经验,希望对你有帮助。

现在渗透门槛很低,但不深入学习基础知识,只会变成script kid。

如何通过修改burp suite 中的raw 信息进行渗透测试

刚接触web安全的时候,非常想找到一款集成型的渗透测试工具,找来找去,最终选择了Burp Suite,除了它功能强大之外,还有就是好用,易于上手。于是就从网上下载了一个破解版的来用,记得那时候好像是1.2版本,功能也没有现在这么强大。在使用的过程中,慢慢发现,网上系统全量的介绍BurpSuite的书籍太少了,大多是零星、片段的讲解,不成体系。后来慢慢地出现了不少介绍BurpSuite的视频,现状也变得越来越好。但每每遇到不知道的问题时,还是不得不搜寻BurpSuite的官方文档和英文网页来解决问题,也正是这些问题,慢慢让我觉得有必要整理一套全面的BurpSuite中文教程,算是为web安全界做尽自己的一份微薄之力,也才有了你们现在看到的这一系列文章。

我给这些文章取了IT行业图书比较通用的名称: 《BurpSuite实战指南》,您可以称我为中文编写者,文章中的内容主要源于BurpSuite官方文档和多位国外安全大牛的经验总结,我只是在他们的基础上,结合我的经验、理解和实践,编写成现在的中文教程。本书我也没有出版成纸质图书的计划,本着IT人互联分享的精神,放在github,做免费的电子书。于业界,算一份小小的贡献;于自己,算一次总结和锻炼。

以上,是为小记。

感谢您阅读此书,阅读过程中,如果发现错误的地方,欢迎发送邮件到 t0data@hotmail.com,感谢您的批评指正。

本书包含以下章节内容:

第一部分 Burp Suite 基础

Burp Suite 安装和环境配置

Burp Suite代理和浏览器设置

如何使用Burp Suite 代理

SSL和Proxy高级选项

如何使用Burp Target

如何使用Burp Spider

如何使用Burp Scanner

如何使用Burp Intruder

如何使用Burp Repeater

如何使用Burp Sequencer

如何使用Burp Decoder

如何使用Burp Comparer

第二部分 Burp Suite 高级

数据查找和拓展功能的使用

BurpSuite全局参数设置和使用

Burp Suite应用商店插件的使用

如何编写自己的Burp Suite插件

第三部分 Burp Suite 综合使用

使用Burp Suite测试Web Services服务

使用Burp, Sqlmap进行自动化SQL注入渗透测试

使用Burp、PhantomJS进行XSS检测

使用Burp 、Radamsa进行浏览器fuzzing

使用Burp 、Android Killer进行安卓app渗透测试

第一章 Burp Suite 安装和环境配置

Burp Suite是一个集成化的渗透测试工具,它集合了多种渗透测试组件,使我们自动化地或手工地能更好的完成对web应用的渗透测试和攻击。在渗透测试中,我们使用Burp Suite将使得测试工作变得更加容易和方便,即使在不需要娴熟的技巧的情况下,只有我们熟悉Burp Suite的使用,也使得渗透测试工作变得轻松和高效。

Burp Suite是由Java语言编写而成,而Java自身的跨平台性,使得软件的学习和使用更加方便。Burp Suite不像其他的自动化测试工具,它需要你手工的去配置一些参数,触发一些自动化流程,然后它才会开始工作。

Burp Suite可执行程序是java文件类型的jar文件,免费版的可以从免费版下载地址进行下载。免费版的BurpSuite会有许多限制,很多的高级工具无法使用,如果您想使用更多的高级功能,需要付费购买专业版。专业版与免费版的主要区别有

Burp Scanner

工作空间的保存和恢复

拓展工具,如Target Analyzer, Content Discovery和 Task Scheduler

本章主要讲述Burp Suite的基本配置,包含如下内容:

如何从命令行启动Burp Suite/br

如何设置JVM内存 大小/br

IPv6问题调试

如何从命令行启动Burp Suite

Burp Suite是一个无需安装软件,下载完成后,直接从命令行启用即可。但Burp Suite是用Java语言开发的,运行时依赖于JRE,需要提前Java可运行环境。

如果没有配置Java环境或者不知道如何配置的童鞋请参考win7电脑上的Java环境配置 配置完Java环境之后,首先验证Java配置是否正确,如果输入java -version 出现下图的结果,证明配置正确且已完成。

这时,你只要在cmd里执行java -jar /your_burpsuite_path/burpSuite.jar即可启动Burp Suite,或者,你将Burp Suite的jar放入class_path目录下,直接执行java -jar burpSuite.jar也可以启动。

==注意:your_burpsuite_path为你Burp Suite所在路径,burpSuite.jar文件名必须跟你下载的jar文件名称一致==

如何设置JVM内存 大小

如果Java可运行环境配置正确的话,当你双击burpSuite.jar即可启动软件,这时,Burp Suite自己会自动分配最大的可用内存,具体实际分配了多少内存,默认一般为64M。当我们在渗透测试过程,如果有成千上万个请求通过Burp Suite,这时就可能会导致Burp Suite因内存不足而崩溃,从而会丢失渗透测试过程中的相关数据,这是我们不希望看到的。因此,当我们启动Burp Suite时,通常会指定它使用的内存大小。 一般来说,我们通常会分配2G的内存供Burp Suite使用,如果你的电脑内存足够,可以分配4G;如果你的电脑内存足够小,你也可以分配128M。当你给Burp Suite分配足够多的内存时,它能做的工作也会更多。指定Burp Suite占用内存大小的具体配置方法是在启动脚本里添加如下命令行参数: 假设启动脚本的名称为burp_suite_start.bat,则该bat脚本的内容为

java -jar -Xmx2048M /your_burpsuite_path/burpsuite.jar

其中参数-Xmx指定JVM可用的最大内存,单位可以是M,也可以是G,如果是G为单位的话,则脚本内容为:

java -jar -Xmx2G /your_burpsuite_path/burpsuite.jar

更多关于JVM性能调优的知识请阅读 Oracle JVM Tuning

IPv6问题调试

Burp Suite是不支持IPv6地址进行数据通信的,这时在cmd控制台里就会抛出如下异常

java.net.SocketException: Permission denied

同时,浏览器访问时,也会出现异常

Burp proxy error: Permission denied: connect

当出现如上问题时,我们需要修改启动脚本,添加对IPv4的指定后,重启Burp Suite即可。

java -jar -Xmx2048M -Djava.net.preferIPv4Stack=true /your_burpsuite_path/burpsuite.jar

通过 -Djava.net.preferIPv4Stack=true参数的设置,告诉Java运行环境,使用IPv4协议栈进行数据通信,IPv6协议将会被禁止使用。 这个错误最常见于64位的windows操作系统上,使用了32位的JDK

第二章 Burp Suite代理和浏览器设置

Burp Suite代理工具是以拦截代理的方式,拦截所有通过代理的网络流量,如客户端的请求数据、服务器端的返回信息等。Burp Suite主要拦截http和https协议的流量,通过拦截,Burp Suite以中间人的方式,可以对客户端请求数据、服务端返回做各种处理,以达到安全评估测试的目的。

在日常工作中,我们最常用的web客户端就是的web浏览器,我们可以通过代理的设置,做到对web浏览器的流量拦截,并对经过Burp Suite代理的流量数据进行处理。

下面我们就分别看看IE、Firefox、Google Chrome下是如何配置Burp Suite代理的。

IE设置

当Burp Suite 启动之后,默认分配的代理地址和端口是127.0.0.1 :8080,我们可以从Burp Suite的proxy选项卡的options上查看。如图:

现在,我们通过如下步骤的设置即可完成IE通过Burp Suite 代理的相关配置。

启动IE浏览器

点击【工具】菜单,选择【Internet】选项

打开【连接】选项卡,点击【局域网设置】,进行代理设置。

在代理服务器设置的地址输入框中填写127.0.0.1,端口填写8080,点击【确定】,完成代理服务器的设置。

这时,IE的设置已经完成,你可以访问 http://burp 将会看到Burp Suite的欢迎界面。

FireFox设置

与IE的设置类似,在FireFox中,我们也要进行一些参数设置,才能将FireFox浏览器的通信流量,通过BurpSuite代理进行传输。详细的步骤如下:

启动FireFox浏览器,点击【工具】菜单,点击【选项】。

在新打开的about:preferences#advanced窗口中,依次点击【高级】-【网络】,我们将会看到FireFox连接网络的设置选项。

点击【设置】,在弹出的【连接设置】对话框中,找到“http代理”,填写127.0.0.1,端口填写8080,最后点击【确认】保存参数设置,完成FireFox的代理配置。

当然,FireFox浏览器中,可以添加FireFox的扩展组件,对代理服务器进行管理。例如FireX Proxy、Proxy Swither都是很好用的组件,感兴趣的读者可以自己下载试用一下。

Google Chrome设置

Google Chrome使用Burp Suite作为代理服务器的配置步骤如下:

启动Google Chrome浏览器,在地址栏输入chrome://settings/,回车后即显示Google Chrome浏览器的配置界面

点击底部的【显示高级设置】,将显示Google Chrome浏览器的高级设置。

当然,你也可以直接在搜索框中输入“代理”,回车后将自动定位到代理服务器设置功能。

点击【更改代理服务器设置】,windows系统下将会弹出IE浏览器的代理设置,此时,按照IE浏览器的设置步骤,完成代理服务器的配置即可。

除了上述的三种常用的浏览器外,还有Safari浏览器也有不少的用户在使用,其代理配置请点击阅读进行查看。

第三章 如何使用Burp Suite代理

Burp Proxy 是Burp Suite以用户驱动测试流程功能的核心,通过代理模式,可以让我们拦截、查看、修改所有在客户端和服务端之间传输的数据。

本章主要讲述以下内容:

Burp Proxy基本使用

数据拦截与控制

可选项配置Options

历史记录History

Burp Proxy基本使用

通过上一章的学习,我们对Burp Suite代理模式和浏览器代理设置有了基本的了解。Burp Proxy的使用是一个循序渐进的过程,刚开始使用时,可能并不能很快就获取你所期望的结果,慢慢地当你熟悉了它的功能和使用方法,你就可以用它很好地对一个产品系统做安全能力评估。 一般使用Burp Proxy时,大体涉及环节如下:

首先,确认JRE已经安装好,Burp Suite可以启动并正常运行,且已经完成浏览器的代理服务器配置。

打开Proxy功能中的Intercept选项卡,确认拦截功能为“Interception is on”状态,如果显示为“Intercept is off”则点击它,打开拦截功能。

打开浏览器,输入你需要访问的URL(以http://baike.baidu.com/为例)并回车,这时你将会看到数据流量经过Burp Proxy并暂停,直到你点击【Forward】,才会继续传输下去。如果你点击了【Drop】,则这次通过的数据将会被丢失,不再继续处理。

当我们点击【Forward】之后,我们将看到这次请求返回的所有数据。

当Burp Suite拦截的客户端和服务器交互之后,我们可以在Burp Suite的消息分析选项卡中查看这次请求的实体内容、消息头、请求参数等信息。消息分析选项视图主要包括以下四项:

Raw 这是视图主要显示web请求的raw格式,包含请求地址、http协议版本、主机头、浏览器信息、Accept可接受的内容类型、字符集、编码方式、cookie等。你可以通过手工修改这些信息,对服务器端进行渗透测试。

params 这个视图主要显示客户端请求的参数信息、包括GET或者POST请求的参数、Cookie参数。渗透人员可以通过修改这些请求参数来完成对服务器端的渗透测试。

headers 这个视图显示的信息和Raw的信息类似,只不过在这个视图中,展示得更直观、友好。

Hex 这个视图显示Raw的二进制内容,你可以通过hex编辑器对请求的内容进行修改。

默认情况下,Burp Proxy只拦截请求的消息,普通文件请求如css、js、图片是不会被拦截的,你可以修改默认的拦截选项来拦截这些静态文件,当然,你也可以通过修改拦截的作用域、参数或者服务器端返回的关键字来控制Burp Proxy的消息拦截,这些在后面的章节中我们会进一步的学习。 所有流经Burp Proxy的消息,都会在http history记录下来,我们可以通过历史选项卡,查看传输的数据内容,对交互的数据进行测试和验证。同时,对于拦截到的消息和历史消息,都可以通过右击弹出菜单,发送到Burp的其他组件,如Spider、Scanner、Repeater、Intruder、Sequencer、Decoder、Comparer、Extender,进行进一步的测试。如下图所示:

数据拦截与控制

Burp Proxy的拦截功能主要由Intercept选项卡中的Forward、Drop、Interception is on/off、Action、Comment 以及Highlight构成,它们的功能分别是: Forward的功能是当你查看过消息或者重新编辑过消息之后,点击此按钮,将发送消息至服务器端。 Drop的功能是你想丢失当前拦截的消息,不再forward到服务器端。Interception is on表示拦截功能打开,拦截所有通过Burp Proxy的请求数据;Interception is off表示拦截功能关闭,不再拦截通过Burp Proxy的所有请求数据。 Action的功能是除了将当前请求的消息传递到Spider、Scanner、Repeater、Intruder、Sequencer、Decoder、Comparer组件外,还可以做一些请求消息的修改,如改变GET或者POST请求方式、改变请求body的编码,同时也可以改变请求消息的拦截设置,如不再拦截此主机的消息、不再拦截此IP地址的消息、不再拦截此种文件类型的消息、不再拦截此目录的消息,也可以指定针对此消息拦截它的服务器端返回消息。

Comment的功能是指对拦截的消息添加备注,在一次渗透测试中,你通常会遇到一连串的请求消息,为了便于区分,在某个关键的请求消息上,你可以添加备注信息。

Highlight的功能与Comment功能有点类似,即对当前拦截的消息设置高亮,以便于其他的请求消息相区分。

除了Intercept中可以对通过Proxy的消息进行控制外,在可选项设置选项卡Options中也有很多的功能设置也可以对流经的消息进行控制和处理。

可选项配置Options

当我们打开可选项设置选项卡Options,从界面显示来看,主要包括以下几大板块(涉及https的功能不包含在本章内容里,后面会一章专门叙述):

客户端请求消息拦截

服务器端返回消息拦截

服务器返回消息修改

正则表达式配置

其他配置项

客户端请求消息拦截

客户端请求消息拦截是指拦截客户端发送到服务器端消息的相关配置选项,其界面如下:

主要包含拦截规则配置、错误消息自动修复、自动更新Content-Length消息头三个部分。

如果intercept request based on the follow rules的checkbox被选中,则拦截所有符合勾选按钮下方列表中的请求规则的消息都将被拦截,拦截时,对规则的过滤是自上而下进行的。当然,我们可以根据自己的需求,通过【Up】和【Down】按钮,调节规则所在位置和排序。同时,我们可以点击【Add】添加一条规则,也可以选中一条规则,通过点击【Edit】进行编辑、点击【Remove】进行删除。当我们点击【Add】按钮时,会弹出规则添加的输入对话框,如下图:

拦截规则添加时,共包含4个输入项。Boolean opertor表示当前的规则与其他规则是与的方式(And)还是或的方式(Or)共存;Match type表示匹配类型,此处匹配类型可以基于域名、IP地址、协议、请求方法、URL、文件类型、参数, cookies, 头部或者内容, 状态码, MIME类型, HTML页面的title等。Match relationship表示此条规则是匹配还是不匹配Match condition输入的关键字。当我们输入这些信息,点击【OK】按钮,则规则即被保存。

如果Automatically fix missing的checkbox被选中,则表示在一次消息传输中,Burp Suite会自动修复丢失或多余的新行。比如说,一条被修改过的请求消息,如果丢失了头部结束的空行,Burp Suite会自动添加上;如果一次请求的消息体中,URl编码参数中包含任何新的换行,Burp Suite将会移除。此项功能在手工修改请求消息时,为了防止错误,有很好的保护效果。

如果Automatically update Content-Length的checkbox被选中,则当请求的消息被修改后,Content-Length消息头部也会自动被修改,替换为与之相对应的值。

关键词: 集成渗透工具
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安装,所以在Kali上安装Metasploit的命令是这样的:apt-get install metasploit作为小白如何学习Kali linux渗透测试技术首先你要明白你学KALI的目的是什么,其次你要了解什么是kali,其实你并
黑客技术 2年前 (2022-05-30) | 回复
理Burp Proxy 是Burp Suite以用户驱动测试流程功能的核心,通过代理模式,可以让我们拦截、查看、修改所有在客户端和服务端之间传输的数据。本章主要讲述以下内容:Burp Proxy基本使用数据拦截与控制可选项配置Options历史记录HistoryBurp Proxy基本使用
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